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Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science

Breeds of Livestock - Groningen Cattle

Breeds of Livestock - Groningen Cattle


Also Known By: Blaarkop, Groninger Blaarkop or Gronings Blaarkop (Dutch), Groninger (German), Groningue (French), Zwartblaar, Zwartwitkop, Roodblaar, Roodwitkop

Groningen Whiteheaded are typically black in color with a white head and belly.  However, about 5% of the population are red rather than black. The Groningen's ancestry may be traced to the Middle Ages. The Groningen originated in what is now the northern sections of the Netherlands.

Through modern selective breeding practices and crossbreeding with Holstein and Angeln cattle, the milk yields of these animals have increased but are still lower than those of other Dutch breeds. Cows stand 132 cm and weigh 600 kg. Milk production averages 5,068 kg at 4% fat per lactation.

Genus Bos: Cattle Breeds of the World, 1985, MSO-AGVET (Merck & Co., Inc.), Rahway, N.J.

Mason, I.L. 1996. A World Dictionary of Livestock Breeds, Types and Varieties. Fourth Edition. C.A.B International. 273 pp.


D. Nijenhuis, Manager B.R.S., Oude Zeedijk 3, 9968 TA Pieterburen, The Netherlands, Phone: +31.595.52832

Dirk en Janet Leeuwma, Verlengde Hoofdweg 55, 9687 PE Nieuw Beerta, Groningen, Holland

Digiteelt, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, The Netherlands

Veeteelt, Arnhem, The Netherlands


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updated Friday, May 5, 2000


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Project initiated April, 1994 - Initial web site opened February 22, 1995

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