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Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science

Poultry Breeds - Buckeye Chickens

Poultry Breeds - Buckeye Chickens


Origins: The Buckeye were developed in Warren Ohio, United States by Mrs. Nettie Metcalf, “the only American breeds developed by a woman” (Lewis, 65) in the 1890’s and named after Ohio’s nickname, the Buckeye State. The Buckeye is a breeds developed from crossing the Plymouth Rocks with Buff Cochin.

Characteristics: The Buckeye is a nardy breed and adaptable to different conditions. they do particularly well in cold-weather conditions. Their personality is friendly and tend to not have a propensity to feather-pick (a harmful habit where the bird will pluck out, or other damaging actions, all or part of its feathers). Like the Buff Cochin, the Buckeye are known to hunt mice. The Buckeye has dark red plumage, closely held feathers with a pea comb and broad shoulders.. They have dark to black tail feathering. The breed has yellow legs and skin. The hens do go broody often. The Buckeye is often mistaken as a Rhode Island Red, which, at one point in time, the Buckeye was associated with and was even named the Pea Comb Rhode Island Red. The Buckeyes have a slanted body with a buff body and powerful thighs and wings.

Standard Weights: Cock: 9 lbs; Hen: 6.5 lbs; Bantam Cock: 34 oz. ; Bantam Hen: 28 oz.

Status: The Buckeyes are not as common as Rhode Island Reds, and are in fact threatened.

Varieties: None

Egg Shell Color: Brown

Uses: The Buckeye is a dual-purpose bird: layer and meat

Buckeye pullets


Chicken Breeds and Varieties (A2880), John L. Skinner, University of Wisconsin-Madison

"Buckeye Chicken." The Livestock Conservancy. The Livestock Conservancy, n.d. Web. 22 June 2015.

Lay, Jeffrey. "History of the Breed." American Buckeye Club. Website Builder, n.d. Web. 22 June 2015.


The Livestock Conservancy PO Box 477, 33 Hillsboro St, Pittsboro, NC 27312

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