Cattle Goats Horses Sheep Swine poultry Other Species World Region
You are here: Home / Sheep / gentiledipuglia

Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science

Breeds of Livestock - Gentile di Puglia Sheep

Breeds of Livestock - Gentile di Puglia Sheep

Gentile di Puglia

gentile-1.jpgAlso Known By: Apulian Merino, Merino DI Puglia, Improved Apulian, Italian Merino, Merino d'Italia, Merina Gentile.

The Gentile di Puglia is a fine wooled breed from southern Italy.  Development of this breed began in the 15th century but the primary improvement was from the 18th century onward.  The breed was developed from Spanish Merino crossed with the local breeds.  Saxony and Rambouillet breed was introduced during the 19th century. In the last half century the number of head has dramatically decreased and at the present time there're about 15,000 sheep mainly in the Basilicata, Molise and Puglia regions.

Description and management:

Rams are horned and the females are polled.

Small body size:

Weight (kg)
Withers L. (cm)
Trunk H. (cm)

The breed is traditionally reared in the hill pastures from the late spring to the early fall and in the fold or in the lowland pasture in the other seasons


The main products are:

  • Fine wool: fiber diameter 18-22 microns ; fleece weight 6 kg in the rams and 3.5 kg in the ewes;
  • Lean lamb: slaughtered at 30-40 days of age (live weight=11-14 kg);
  • Milk (80-100 kg per lactation with 8-11% of fat) used to produce different kinds of traditional "Canestrato" cheese depending on time of ripening.



Mason, I.L. 1996. A World Dictionary of Livestock Breeds, Types and Varieties. Fourth Edition. C.A.B International. 273 pp.

Asso.Na.Pa. 1997. Caratteri tipici ed indirizzi DI miglioramento delle razze DERIVATE MERINE., Roma (Italy).

Prof. Francesco Panella, Dipartimento DI Scienze Zootecniche dell'Università degli Studi DI Perugia.


Associazione Nazionale della Pastorizia, provided by: Dott. Paolo Bani, Istituto di Zootecnica, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Via Emilia Parmense, 84, 29100 Piacenza, ITALY

Pier Davide Pozzo, Lane d'Italia, Corso G. Pella, 16, 13900 Briella Italy

logo.gif[Sheep Breeds || Breeds of Livestock || Animal Science Home Page || Comment ]

Updated February 22, 2002


We are currently looking for high resolution pictures of any of the breeds.
Please mail your original copies with our email form

Please provide a description of this breed as well

NOTE: The form can also be used for Comments, Suggestions, and Corrections.

Project initiated April, 1994 - Initial web site opened February 22, 1995

Copyright © 1995-2015 Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. All rights reserved.