Cattle Goats Horses Sheep Swine poultry Other Species World Region
You are here: Home / Swine / Choctaw Hog / Breeds of Livestock - Choctaw Hog

Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science

Breeds of Livestock - Choctaw Hog

Choctaw Hog


The Choctaw Hog is an American breed from Spanish ancestors, brought to the Americas in the early 1500s. This is evidenced by the single toe hoof and neck wattles, which many Spanish-derived hogs also have, like the Mulefoot Hog. Choctaw Hog

Frequently confused with the Pineywoods Rooters, a name for feral hogs in the Southeast US, although they're very different.

Named for the Choctaw Tribe that they've been associated with historically, the Choctaw Hog population in Oklahoma began with the Trail of Tears, in 1830s, because the Native Americans brought their animals with them.

The Choctaw Hog is a rare breed, mostly residing in southeast Oklahoma, which used to be the Choctaw Nation. Their numbers are only a few hundred individuals.


The Choctaw Hog has stayed mainly the same for the past 150 years. They're small-framed, about 120 lbs, and their coloration is black with occasional white markings.

Their ears are either erect or only slightly drooping, and they have large, fleshy wattles on each side of the neck.

They have fused toes, coming together in a mule-ish hoof. Their legs are long, and heavier in the forequarter, which gives them speed and an athletic build. While this might help their survival, it hinders carcass value.


Choctaw Hog management in modern Oklahoma is very similar to the traditional way. Although they are ear-marked, they're allowed to wander free in the woods and can forage for their own roots, plants, acorns, and berries. Every once in a while, they are rounded up with the help of working dogs, and the young are ear-marked. Those fit for consumption are confined with corn, and fed until they're market weight. The others are let go, back into the woods.

Although their management is very independent, if kept in confinement, Choctaw Hogs can become a tamer temperament.




We are currently looking for high resolution pictures of any of the breeds.
Please mail your original copies with our email form

Please provide a description of this breed as well

NOTE: The form can also be used for Comments, Suggestions, and Corrections.

Project initiated April, 1994 - Initial web site opened February 22, 1995

Copyright © 1995-2015 Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. All rights reserved.